revelation

This PDF I found somewhere on the Internet and found it interesting enough to make it more readable putting the text of Revelation next to the Old Testament references as stated in the document.

 

Light blue marked text has OT references.

 

The 4 HTML files are merged into 1 PDF file.

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Old Testament References in the Book of Revelation

By: Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Th.M., Ph.D.

Founder and Director of Ariel Ministries

 

There are over five hundred references to the Old Testament in the Book of

Revelation. The following is a list of such references, but it makes no claim to being exhaustive

or complete.

 

Some of these references back to the Old Testament do speak of the very same thing

as the Revelation. However, in others, the Revelation merely borrows a phrase or motif for the

purpose of developing a new area. This distinction should be kept in mind in the study of those

Old Testament references.

 

 

Search Index by chapter and/or subject

verse

Revelation

Old Testament

 

 

 

 

Prologue | Greeting to the Seven Churches | Vision of the Son of Man

 

1:1

 

Prologue

 

 

1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John

 

2 who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.

 

3 Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and who keep what is written in it, for the time is near.

Daniel 2:28-29

but there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries, and he has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will be in the latter days. Your dream and the visions of your head as you lay in bed are these: 29 To you, O king, as you lay in bed came thoughts of what would be after this, and he who reveals mysteries made known to you what is to be.

1:4

 

Greeting to the Seven Churches

 

4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: ​​​​​​​​​​​Grace to you and peace from him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven spirits who are before his throne, ​​​​​​​​And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of counsel and might, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.

Isaiah 11:2​​​​​​

And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of counsel and might, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.

1:5

5 and from Jesus Christ the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of kings on earth. ​​​​​​​​​​​To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood

Genesis 49:11

11 ​​​​​​​​Binding his foal to the vine ​​​​​​​and his donkey's colt to the choice vine, ​​​​​​​he has washed his garments in wine ​​​​​​​and his vesture in the blood of grapes.

 

Psalm 89:27

​​​​​​​​And I will make him the firstborn, ​​​​​​​the highest of the kings of the earth. ​​​

1:6

6 and made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.

Exodus 19:6

and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.

 

Isaiah 61:6

​​​​​​​​but you shall be called the priests of the LORD; ​​​​​​​they shall speak of you as the ministers of our God; ​​​​​​​you shall eat the wealth of the nations, ​​​​​​​and in their glory you shall boast.

1:7

7 Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Even so. Amen.

Daniel 7:13

I saw in the night visions, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​and behold, with the clouds of heaven ​​​​​​​there came one like a son of man, ​​​​​​​and he came to the Ancient of Days ​​​​​​​and was presented before him.

 

Zechariah 12:10-14

And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and pleas for mercy, so that, when they look on me, on him whom they have pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child, and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over a firstborn. 11 On that day the mourning in Jerusalem will be as great as the mourning for Hadad-rimmon in the plain of Megiddo. 12 The land shall mourn, each family by itself: the family of the house of David by itself, and their wives by themselves; the family of the house of Nathan by itself, and their wives by themselves; 13 the family of the house of Levi by itself, and their wives by themselves; the family of the Shimeites by itself, and their wives by themselves; 14 and all the families that are left, each by itself, and their wives by themselves.

1:8

8 I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.

Isaiah 41:4

​​​​​​​Who has performed and done this, ​​​​​​​calling the generations from the beginning? ​​​​​​​I, the LORD, the first, ​​​​​​​and with the last; I am he. ​​​

1:12

 

Vision of the Son of Man

 

9 I, John, your brother and partner in the tribulation and the kingdom and the patient endurance that are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos on account of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus.

 

10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet

 

11 saying, “Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.”

 

12 Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking to me, and on turning I saw seven golden lampstands,

Exodus 25:37

You shall make seven lamps for it. And the lamps shall be set up so as to give light on the space in front of it.

 

Exodos 37:23

And he made its seven lamps and its tongs and its trays of pure gold. 24 He made it and all its utensils out of a talent of pure gold.

1:13

13 and in the midst of the lampstands one like a son of man, clothed with a long robe and with a golden sash around his chest.

Daniel 7:13

I saw in the night visions, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​and behold, with the clouds of heaven ​​​​​​​there came one like a son of man, ​​​​​​​and he came to the Ancient of Days ​​​​​​​and was presented before him.

 

Daniel 10:5

I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, a man clothed in linen, with a belt of fine gold from Uphaz around his waist.

 

Daniel 10:16

And behold, one in the likeness of the children of man touched my lips. Then I opened my mouth and spoke. I said to him who stood before me, “O my lord, by reason of the vision pains have come upon me, and I retain no strength.

1:14

14 The hairs of his head were white, like white wool, like snow. His eyes were like a flame of fire,

Daniel 7:9

As I looked, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​thrones were placed, ​​​​​​​and the Ancient of Days took his seat; ​​​​​​​his clothing was white as snow, ​​​​​​​and the hair of his head like pure wool; ​​​​​​​his throne was fiery flames; ​​​​​​​its wheels were burning fire. ​​​

 

Daniel 10:6

His body was like beryl, his face like the appearance of lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of burnished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a multitude.

1:15

15 his feet were like burnished bronze, refined in a furnace, and his voice was like the roar of many waters.

Ezekiel 1:7

Their legs were straight, and the soles of their feet were like the sole of a calf's foot. And they sparkled like burnished bronze.

 

Ezekiel 1:24

And when they went, I heard the sound of their wings like the sound of many waters, like the sound of the Almighty, a sound of tumult like the sound of an army. When they stood still, they let down their wings.

 

Ezekiel 43:2

And behold, the glory of the God of Israel was coming from the east. And the sound of his coming was like the sound of many waters, and the earth shone with his glory.

 

Daniel 10:6

His body was like beryl, his face like the appearance of lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of burnished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a multitude.

1:16

16 In his right hand he held seven stars, from his mouth came a sharp two-edged sword, and his face was like the sun shining in full strength.

Judges 5:31

So may all your enemies perish, O LORD! ​​​​​​​But your friends be like the sun as he rises in his might.” ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​And the land had rest for forty years.

 

Isaiah 49:2

He made my mouth like a sharp sword; ​​​​​​​in the shadow of his hand he hid me; ​​​​​​​he made me a polished arrow; ​​​​​​​in his quiver he hid me away.

1:17

17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he laid his right hand on me, saying, “Fear not, I am the first and the last,

Isaiah 41:4

​​​​​​​​Who has performed and done this, ​​​​​​​calling the generations from the beginning? ​​​​​​​I, the LORD, the first, ​​​​​​​and with the last; I am he.

 

Isaiah 44:6

​​​​​​​​Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel ​​​​​​​and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: ​​​​​​​“I am the first and I am the last; ​​​​​​​besides me there is no god.

 

Isaiah 48:12

​​​​​​​Listen to me, O Jacob, ​​​​​​​and Israel, whom I called! ​​​​​​​I am he; I am the first, ​​​​​​​and I am the last.

 

Daniel 8:17-18

So he came near where I stood. And when he came, I was frightened and fell on my face. But he said to me, “Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end.” 18 And when he had spoken to me, I fell into a deep sleep with my face to the ground. But he touched me and made me stand up.

 

Daniel 10:9-10

Then I heard the sound of his words, and as I heard the sound of his words, I fell on my face in deep sleep with my face to the ground. 10 And behold, a hand touched me and set me trembling on my hands and knees.

 

Daniel 10:12

Then he said to me, “Fear not, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand and humbled yourself before your God, your words have been heard, and I have come because of your words.

 

Daniel 10:15

When he had spoken to me according to these words, I turned my face toward the ground and was mute.

 

Daniel 10:19

And he said, O man greatly loved, fear not, peace be with you; be strong and of good courage. And as he spoke to me, I was strengthened and said, Let my lord speak, for you have strengthened me.

1:18

18 and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

Job 3:17

​​​​​​​​There the wicked cease from troubling, ​​​​​​​and there the weary are at rest.

 

Hosea 13:14

​​​​​​​​Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? ​​​​​​​Shall I redeem them from Death? ​​​​​​​O Death, where are your plagues? ​​​​​​​O Sheol, where is your sting? ​​​​​​​Compassion is hidden from my eyes.

 

19 Write therefore the things that you have seen, those that are and those that are to take place after this.

 

20 As for the mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands, the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.

 

 

 

To the Church in Ephesus | Smyrna | Pergamum | Thyatira

 

2:4

 

To the Church in Ephesus

 

1 “To the angel of the church in Ephesus write: ‘The words of him who holds the seven stars in his right hand, who walks among the seven golden lampstands.

 

2 “‘I know your works, your toil and your patient endurance, and how you cannot bear with those who are evil, but have tested those who call themselves apostles and are not, and found them to be false.

 

3 I know you are enduring patiently and bearing up for my name's sake, and you have not grown weary.

 

4 But I have this against you, that you have abandoned the love you had at first.

Jeremiah 2:2

Go and proclaim in the hearing of Jerusalem, Thus says the LORD, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​I remember the devotion of your youth, ​​​​​​​your love as a bride, ​​​​​​​how you followed me in the wilderness, ​​​​​​​in a land not sown. ​​​

2:7

5 Remember therefore from where you have fallen; repent, and do the works you did at first. If not, I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place, unless you repent.

 

6 Yet this you have: you hate the works of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.

 

7 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who conquers I will grant to eat of the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.

 

 

To the Church in Smyrna

 

8 “And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: ‘The words of the first and the last, who died and came to life.

 

9 “‘I know your tribulation and your poverty (but you are rich) and the slander of those who say that they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan.

 

10 Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and for ten days you will have tribulation. Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life.

 

11 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. The one who conquers will not be hurt by the second death.’

Genesis 2:9

And out of the ground the LORD God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

 

Genesis 3:22-24

Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever-” 23 therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken. 24 He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.

 

Proverbs 11:30

​​​​​​​​The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, ​​​​​​​and whoever captures souls is wise.

 

Proverbs 13:12

​​​​​​​​Hope deferred makes the heart sick, ​​​​​​​but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life.

 

Ezekiel 31:8

The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it, ​​​​​​​nor the fir trees equal its boughs; ​​​​​​​neither were the plane trees ​​​​​​​like its branches; ​​​​​​​no tree in the garden of God ​​​​​​​was its equal in beauty.

2:12

 

To the Church in Pergamum

 

12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword.

 

13 “‘I know where you dwell, where Satan's throne is. Yet you hold fast my name, and you did not deny my faith even in the days of Antipas my faithful witness, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells.

Isaiah 49:2

​​​​​​​​He made my mouth like a sharp sword; ​​​​​​​in the shadow of his hand he hid me; ​​​​​​​he made me a polished arrow; ​​​​​​​in his quiver he hid me away.

2:14

14 But I have a few things against you: you have some there who hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the sons of Israel, so that they might eat food sacrificed to idols and practice sexual immorality.

 

15 So also you have some who hold the teaching of the Nicolaitans.

 

16 Therefore repent. If not, I will come to you soon and war against them with the sword of my mouth.

Numbers 25:1-3

While Israel lived in Shittim, the people began to whore with the daughters of Moab. 2 These invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people ate and bowed down to their gods. 3 So Israel yoked himself to Baal of Peor. And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

2:17

17 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who conquers I will give some of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, with a new name written on the stone that no one knows except the one who receives it.

Exodus 16:33-34

And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar, and put an omer of manna in it, and place it before the LORD to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the testimony to be kept.

 

Isaiah 62:2

​​​​​​​​The nations shall see your righteousness, ​​​​​​​and all the kings your glory, ​​​​​​​and you shall be called by a new name ​​​​​​​that the mouth of the LORD will give.

​​​

Isaiah 65:15

​​​​​​​​You shall leave your name to my chosen for a curse, ​​​​​​​and the Lord GOD will put you to death, ​​​​​​​but his servants he will call by another name.

2:18

 

To the Church in Thyatira

 

18 And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write: The words of the Son of God, who has eyes like a flame of fire, and whose feet are like burnished bronze.

 

19 ‘I know your works, your love and faith and service and patient endurance, and that your latter works exceed the first.

Daniel 10:6

His body was like beryl, his face like the appearance of lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of burnished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a multitude.

2:20

20 But I have this against you, that you tolerate that woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess and is teaching and seducing my servants to practice sexual immorality and to eat food sacrificed to idols.

 

21 I gave her time to repent, but she refuses to repent of her sexual immorality.

 

22 Behold, I will throw her onto a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her I will throw into great tribulation, unless they repent of her works,

I Kings 16:31-32

And as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, he took for his wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and went and served Baal and worshiped him

 

II Kings 9:7

And you shall strike down the house of Ahab your master, so that I may avenge on Jezebel the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD.

 

II Kings 9:22

And when Joram saw Jehu, he said, “Is it peace, Jehu?” He answered, “What peace can there be, so long as the whorings and the sorceries of your mother Jezebel are so many?”

2:23

23 and I will strike her children dead. And all the churches will know that I am he who searches mind and heart, and I will give to each of you according to your works.

 

24 But to the rest of you in Thyatira, who do not hold this teaching, who have not learned what some call the deep things of Satan, to you I say, I do not lay on you any other burden.

 

25 Only hold fast what you have until I come.

 

26 The one who conquers and who keeps my works until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations,

Psalm 7:9

​​​​​​​​Oh, let the evil of the wicked come to an end, ​​​​​​​and may you establish the righteous- ​​​​​​​you who test the minds and hearts, ​​​​​​​O righteous God!

 

Psalm 26:2

​​​​​​​​Prove me, O LORD, and try me; ​​​​​​​test my heart and my mind.

 

Psalm 28:4

​​​​​​​Give to them according to their work ​​​​​​​and according to the evil of their deeds; ​​​​​​​give to them according to the work of their hands; ​​​​​​​render them their due reward.

 

Jeremiah 11:20

​​​​​​​​But, O LORD of hosts, who judges righteously, ​​​​​​​who tests the heart and the mind, ​​​​​​​let me see your vengeance upon them, ​​​​​​​for to you have I committed my cause.

 

Jeremiah 17:10

​​​​​​​“I the LORD search the heart ​​​​​​​and test the mind, ​​​​​​​to give every man according to his ways, ​​​​​​​according to the fruit of his deeds.” ​​​

2:27

27 and he will rule them with a rod of iron, as when earthen pots are broken in pieces, even as I myself have received authority from my Father.

 

28 And I will give him the morning star.

 

29 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.’

Psalm 2:7-9

​​​​​​​I will tell of the decree: ​​​​​​​The LORD said to me, “You are my Son; ​​​​​​​today I have begotten you. ​​​ 8 ​​​​​​​​Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage, ​​​​​​​and the ends of the earth your possession. ​​​ 9 ​​​​​​​​You shall break them with a rod of iron ​​​​​​​and dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.”

 

Isaiah 30:14

​​​​​​​and its breaking is like that of a potter's vessel ​​​​​​​that is smashed so ruthlessly ​​​​​​​that among its fragments not a shard is found ​​​​​​​with which to take fire from the hearth, ​​​​​​​or to dip up water out of the cistern.”

 

Jeremiah 19:11

and shall say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts: So will I break this people and this city, as one breaks a potter's vessel, so that it can never be mended. Men shall bury in Topheth because there will be no place else to bury.

 

To the Church in Sardis | Philadelphia | Laodicea

 

3:4

 

To the Church in Sardis

 

1 “And to the angel of the church in Sardis write: ‘The words of him who has the seven spirits of God and the seven stars. ​​​​​​​​​​​“‘I know your works. You have the reputation of being alive, but you are dead. ​​​

 

2 Wake up, and strengthen what remains and is about to die, for I have not found your works complete in the sight of my God.

 

3 Remember, then, what you received and heard. Keep it, and repent. If you will not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what hour I will come against you.

 

4 Yet you have still a few names in Sardis, people who have not soiled their garments, and they will walk with me in white, for they are worthy.

Ecclesiastes 9:8

Let your garments be always white. Let not oil be lacking on your head.

3:5

5 The one who conquers will be clothed thus in white garments, and I will never blot his name out of the book of life. I will confess his name before my Father and before his angels.

 

6 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

Exodus 32:32-33

But now, if you will forgive their sin-but if not, please blot me out of your book that you have written.” 33 But the LORD said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against me, I will blot out of my book.

3:7

 

To the Church in Philadelphia

 

7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: ‘The words of the holy one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, who shuts and no one opens.

 

8 ‘I know your works. Behold, I have set before you an open door, which no one is able to shut. I know that you have but little power, and yet you have kept my word and have not denied my name.

Isaiah 22:22

And I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

3:9

9 Behold, I will make those of the synagogue of Satan who say that they are Jews and are not, but lie-behold, I will make them come and bow down before your feet and they will learn that I have loved you.

 

10 Because you have kept my word about patient endurance, I will keep you from the hour of trial that is coming on the whole world, to try those who dwell on the earth.

 

11 I am coming soon. Hold fast what you have, so that no one may seize your crown.

Isaiah 43:4

​​​​​​​​Because you are precious in my eyes, ​​​​​​​and honored, and I love you, ​​​​​​​I give men in return for you, ​​​​​​​peoples in exchange for your life.

 

Isaiah 49:23

​​​​​​​​Kings shall be your foster fathers, ​​​​​​​and their queens your nursing mothers. ​​​​​​​With their faces to the ground they shall bow down to you, ​​​​​​​and lick the dust of your feet. ​​​​​​​Then you will know that I am the LORD; ​​​​​​​those who wait for me shall not be put to shame.”

 

Isaiah 60:14

​​​​​​​The sons of those who afflicted you ​​​​​​​shall come bending low to you, ​​​​​​​and all who despised you ​​​​​​​shall bow down at your feet; ​​​​​​​they shall call you the City of the LORD, ​​​​​​​the Zion of the Holy One of Israel.

3:12

12 The one who conquers, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down from my God out of heaven, and my own new name.

 

13 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

Isaiah 62:2

​​​​​​​The nations shall see your righteousness, ​​​​​​​and all the kings your glory, ​​​​​​​and you shall be called by a new name ​​​​​​​that the mouth of the LORD will give.

 

Ezekiel 48:35

The circumference of the city shall be 18,000 cubits. And the name of the city from that time on shall be, The LORD Is There.

3:14

 

To the Church in Laodicea

 

14 And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation.

 

15 ‘I know your works: you are neither cold nor hot. Would that you were either cold or hot!

 

16 So, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of my mouth.

 

17 For you say, I am rich, I have prospered, and I need nothing, not realizing that you are wretched, pitiable, poor, blind, and naked.

Genesis 49:3

​​​Reuben, you are my firstborn, ​​​​​​​my might, and the firstfruits of my strength, ​​​​​​​preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.

 

Deuteronomy 21:17

and they shall testify, ‘Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it shed.

3:18

18 I counsel you to buy from me gold refined by fire, so that you may be rich, and white garments so that you may clothe yourself and the shame of your nakedness may not be seen, and salve to anoint your eyes, so that you may see.

Isaiah 55:1

Come, everyone who thirsts, ​​​​​​​come to the waters; ​​​​​​​and he who has no money, ​​​​​​​come, buy and eat! ​​​​​​​Come, buy wine and milk ​​​​​​​without money and without price.

3:19

19 Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline, so be zealous and repent.

 

20 Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and eat with him, and he with me.

 

21 The one who conquers, I will grant him to sit with me on my throne, as I also conquered and sat down with my Father on his throne.

 

22 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

 

Proverbs 3:12

The LORD by wisdom founded the earth; ​​​​​​​by understanding he established the heavens;

 

The Throne in Heaven

 

4:1

 

1 After this I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven! And the first voice, which I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after this.”

Ezekiel 1:1

In the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I was among the exiles by the Chebar canal, the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

4:2

2 At once I was in the Spirit, and behold, a throne stood in heaven, with one seated on the throne.

Isaiah 6:1

In the year that King Uzziah died I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and the train of his robe filled the temple.

 

Ezekiel 1:26-28

And above the expanse over their heads there was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was a likeness with a human appearance. 27 And upward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were gleaming metal, like the appearance of fire enclosed all around. And downward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness around him. 28 Like the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud on the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness all around. ​​​​​​​​​​​Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard the voice of one speaking.

 

Daniel 7:9

As I looked, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​thrones were placed, ​​​​​​​and the Ancient of Days took his seat; ​​​​​​​his clothing was white as snow, ​​​​​​​and the hair of his head like pure wool; ​​​​​​​his throne was fiery flames; ​​​​​​​its wheels were burning fire.

4:3

3 And he who sat there had the appearance of jasper and carnelian, and around the throne was a rainbow that had the appearance of an emerald.

 

4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and seated on the thrones were twenty-four elders, clothed in white garments, with golden crowns on their heads.

Ezekiel 1:26

And above the expanse over their heads there was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was a likeness with a human appearance.

 

Ezekiel 1:28

Like the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud on the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness all around. ​​​​​​​​​​​Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard the voice of one speaking.

 

Ezekiel 10:1

Then I looked, and behold, on the expanse that was over the heads of the cherubim there appeared above them something like a sapphire, in appearance like a throne.

4:5

5 From the throne came flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and before the throne were burning seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God,

Exodus 19:16

On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.

 

Exodus 25:37

You shall make seven lamps for it. And the lamps shall be set up so as to give light on the space in front of it.

 

Isaiah 11:2

​​​​​​​​And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of counsel and might, ​​​​​​​the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.

 

Ezekiel 1:13

As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, like the appearance of torches moving to and fro among the living creatures. And the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.

4:6

6 and before the throne there was as it were a sea of glass, like crystal. ​​​​​​​​​​​And around the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind:

Ezekiel 1:5

And from the midst of it came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had a human likeness,

 

Ezekiel 1:18

And their rims were tall and awesome, and the rims of all four were full of eyes all around.

 

Ezekiel 1:22

Over the heads of the living creatures there was the likeness of an expanse, shining like awe-inspiring crystal, spread out above their heads.

 

Ezekiel 1: 26

And above the expanse over their heads there was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was a likeness with a human appearance.

 

Ezekiel 10:1

Then I looked, and behold, on the expanse that was over the heads of the cherubim there appeared above them something like a sapphire, in appearance like a throne.

 

Ezekiel 10:12

And their whole body, their rims, and their spokes, their wings, and the wheels were full of eyes all around-the wheels that the four of them had.

4:7

7 the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like an eagle in flight.

Ezekiel 1:10

As for the likeness of their faces, each had a human face. The four had the face of a lion on the right side, the four had the face of an ox on the left side, and the four had the face of an eagle.

 

Ezekiel 10:14

And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of the cherub, and the second face was a human face, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle.

4:8

8 And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to say, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​“Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, ​​​​​​​who was and is and is to come!”

Isaiah 6:2-3

Above him stood the seraphim. Each had six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one called to another and said: ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​“Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; ​​​​​​​the whole earth is full of his glory!”

 

Ezekiel 1:18

And their rims were tall and awesome, and the rims

of all four were full of eyes all around.

 

Ezekiel 10:12

And their whole body, their rims, and their spokes, their wings, and the wheels were full of eyes all around-the wheels that the four of them had.

4:9

9 And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever,

 

10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

Deuteronomy 32:40

​​​​​​​​For I lift up my hand to heaven ​​​​​​​and swear, As I live forever, ​​​

 

Daniel 4:34

At the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted my eyes to heaven, and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and praised and honored him who lives forever, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, ​​​​​​​and his kingdom endures from generation to generation;

 

Daniel 6:26

I make a decree, that in all my royal dominion people are to tremble and fear before the God of Daniel, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​for he is the living God, ​​​​​​​enduring forever; ​​​​​​​his kingdom shall never be destroyed, ​​​​​​​and his dominion shall be to the end. ​​​

 

Daniel 12:7

And I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream; he raised his right hand and his left hand toward heaven and swore by him who lives forever that it would be for a time, times, and half a time, and that when the shattering of the power of the holy people comes to an end all these things would be finished.

4:11

​​​​​​11 Worthy are you, our Lord and God, ​​​​​​​to receive glory and honor and power, ​​​​​​​for you created all things, ​​​​​​​and by your will they existed and were created.

 

Genesis 1:1

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.

 

The Scroll and the Lamb

 

5:1

 

5 Then I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals.

 

2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?

 

3 And no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or to look into it,

 

4 and I began to weep loudly because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look into it.

Ezekiel 2:9-10

And when I looked, behold, a hand was stretched out to me, and behold, a scroll of a book was in it. 10 And he spread it before me. And it had writing on the front and on the back, and there were written on it words of lamentation and mourning and woe.

 

Daniel 12:4

But you, Daniel, shut up the words and seal the book, until the time of the end. Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.”

5:5

5 And one of the elders said to me, “Weep no more; behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.”

Genesis 49:9-10

​​​​​​​​Judah is a lion's cub; ​​​​​​​from the prey, my son, you have gone up. ​​​​​​​He stooped down; he crouched as a lion ​​​​​​​and as a lioness; who dares rouse him? ​​​ 10 ​​​​​​​​The scepter shall not depart from Judah, ​​​​​​​nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, ​​​​​​​until tribute comes to him; ​​​​​​​and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

 

Isaiah 11:1

There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, ​​​​​​​and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.

 

Isaiah 11:10

In that day the root of Jesse, who shall stand as a signal for the peoples-of him shall the nations inquire, and his resting place shall be glorious.

5:6

6 And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.

 

7 And he went and took the scroll from the right hand of him who was seated on the throne.

Isaiah 11:2

​​​​​​​​He will raise a signal for the nations ​​​​​​​and will assemble the banished of Israel, ​​​​​​​and gather the dispersed of Judah ​​​​​​​from the four corners of the earth.

 

Zechariah 3:8-9

Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, you and your friends who sit before you, for they are men who are a sign: behold, I will bring my servant the Branch. 9 For behold, on the stone that I have set before Joshua, on a single stone with seven eyes, I will engrave its inscription, declares the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day.

 

Zechariah 4:10

For whoever has despised the day of small things shall rejoice, and shall see the plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel. ​​​​​​​​​​​“These seven are the eyes of the LORD, which range through the whole earth.”

5:8

8 And when he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.

Psalm 111:2

​​​​​​​​Great are the works of the LORD, ​​​​​​​studied by all who delight in them.

5:9

9 And they sang a new song, saying, ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​“Worthy are you to take the scroll ​​​​​​​and to open its seals, ​​​​​​​for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God ​​​​​​​from every tribe and language and people and nation, ​​​

Psalm 40:3

​​​​​​​​He put a new song in my mouth, ​​​​​​​a song of praise to our God. ​​​​​​​Many will see and fear, ​​​​​​​and put their trust in the LORD.

 

Psalm 98:1

​​​​​​​​Oh sing to the LORD a new song, ​​​​​​​for he has done marvelous things! ​​​​​​​His right hand and his holy arm ​​​​​​​have worked salvation for him.

 

Psalm 144:9

​​​​​​​​I will sing a new song to you, O God; ​​​​​​​upon a ten-stringed harp I will play to you,

 

Psalm 149:1

​​​​​​​​Praise the LORD! ​​​​​​​Sing to the LORD a new song, ​​​​​​​his praise in the assembly of the godly! ​​​

 

Isaiah 42:10

​​​​​​​​Sing to the LORD a new song, ​​​​​​​his praise from the end of the earth, ​​​​​​​you who go down to the sea, and all that fills it, ​​​​​​​the coastlands and their inhabitants.

 

Daniel 5:19

And because of the greatness that he gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared before him. Whom he would, he killed, and whom he would, he kept alive; whom he would, he raised up, and whom he would, he humbled.

5:10

​​​​​​​​10 and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, ​​​​​​​and they shall reign on the earth. ​​​

Exodus 19:6

On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.

 

Isaiah 61:6

​​​​​​​but you shall be called the priests of the LORD; ​​​​​​​they shall speak of you as the ministers of our God; ​​​​​​​you shall eat the wealth of the nations, ​​​​​​​and in their glory you shall boast.

5:11

11 Then I looked, and I heard around the throne and the living creatures and the elders the voice of many angels, numbering myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands,

 

12 saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!”

 

13 And I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them, saying, “To him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb be blessing and honor and glory and might forever and ever!”

 

14 And the four living creatures said, “Amen!” and the elders fell down and worshiped.

 

Daniel 7:10

A stream of fire issued ​​​​​​​and came out from before him; ​​​​​​​a thousand thousands served him, ​​​​​​​and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; ​​​​​​​the court sat in judgment, ​​​​​​​and the books were opened. ​​​

 

The Seven Seals

 

6:2

 

1 Now I watched when the Lamb opened one of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures say with a voice like thunder, “Come!”

 

2 And I looked, and behold, a white horse! And its rider had a bow, and a crown was given to him, and he came out conquering, and to conquer.

 

3 When he opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, “Come!”

Zechariah 1:8

I saw in the night, and behold, a man riding on a red horse! He was standing among the myrtle trees in the glen, and behind him were red, sorrel, and white horses.

 

Zechariah 6:3

the third white horses, and the fourth chariot dappled horses-all of them strong.

6:4

4 And out came another horse, bright red. Its rider was permitted to take peace from the earth, so that people should slay one another, and he was given a great sword.

Zechariah 1:8

I saw in the night, and behold, a man riding on a red horse! He was standing among the myrtle trees in the glen, and behind him were red, sorrel, and white horses.

 

Zechariah 6:2

The first chariot had red horses, the second black horses,

6:5

5 When he opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” And I looked, and behold, a black horse! And its rider had a pair of scales in his hand.

 

6 And I heard what seemed to be a voice in the midst of the four living creatures, saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius, and do not harm the oil and wine!”

 

7 When he opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!”

Zechariah 6:2

The first chariot had red horses, the second black horses,

6:8

8 And I looked, and behold, a pale horse! And its rider's name was Death, and Hades followed him. And they were given authority over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by wild beasts of the earth.

 

9 When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain for the word of God and for the witness they had borne.

 

10 They cried out with a loud voice, “O Sovereign Lord, holy and true, how long before you will judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”

 

11 Then they were each given a white robe and told to rest a little longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brothers should be complete, who were to be killed as they themselves had been.

Jeremiah 15:2-3

And when they ask you, ‘Where shall we go?’ you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD: ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​“‘Those who are for pestilence, to pestilence, ​​​​​​​and those who are for the sword, to the sword; ​​​​​​​those who are for famine, to famine, ​​​​​​​and those who are for captivity, to captivity.’ ​​​ 3 I will appoint over them four kinds of destroyers, declares the LORD: the sword to kill, the dogs to tear, and the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy.

 

Jeremiah 24:10

And I will send sword, famine, and pestilence upon them, until they shall be utterly destroyed from the land that I gave to them and their fathers.

 

Jeremiah 29:17

Thus says the LORD of hosts, behold, I am sending on them sword, famine, and pestilence, and I will make them like vile figs that are so rotten they cannot be eaten.

 

Ezekiel 14:21

For thus says the Lord GOD: How much more when I send upon Jerusalem my four disastrous acts of judgment, sword, famine, wild beasts, and pestilence, to cut off from it man and beast!

 

Hosea 13:14

​​​​​​​​Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? ​​​​​​​Shall I redeem them from Death? ​​​​​​​O Death, where are your plagues? ​​​​​​​O Sheol, where is your sting? ​​​​​​​Compassion is hidden from my eyes.

 

Zechariah 6:3

the third white horses, and the fourth chariot dappled horses-all of them strong.

6:12

12 When he opened the sixth seal, I looked, and behold, there was a great earthquake, and the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood,

Isaiah 50:3

​​​​​​​​I clothe the heavens with blackness ​​​​​​​and make sackcloth their covering.

 

Joel 2:10

​​​​​​​​The earth quakes before them; ​​​​​​​the heavens tremble. ​​​​​​​The sun and the moon are darkened, ​​​​​​​and the stars withdraw their shining.

6:13

13 and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale.

Isaiah 34:4

​​​​​​​​All the host of heaven shall rot away, ​​​​​​​and the skies roll up like a scroll. ​​​​​​​All their host shall fall, ​​​​​​​as leaves fall from the vine, ​​​​​​​like leaves falling from the fig tree.

6:14

14 The sky vanished like a scroll that is being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.

Isaiah 34:4

​​​​​​​​All the host of heaven shall rot away, ​​​​​​​and the skies roll up like a scroll. ​​​​​​​All their host shall fall, ​​​​​​​as leaves fall from the vine, ​​​​​​​like leaves falling from the fig tree.

 

Nahum 1:5

The mountains quake before him; ​​​​​​​the hills melt; ​​​​​​​the earth heaves before him, ​​​​​​​the world and all who dwell in it.

6:15

15 Then the kings of the earth and the great ones and the generals and the rich and the powerful, and everyone, slave and free, hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains,

Psalm 48:4-6

For behold, the kings assembled; ​​​​​​​they came on together. ​​​ 5 ​​​​​​​​As soon as they saw it, they were astounded; ​​​​​​​they were in panic; they took to flight. ​​​ 6 ​​​​​​​​Trembling took hold of them there, ​​​​​​​anguish as of a woman in labor.

 

Isaiah 2:10-12

​​​​​​​​Enter into the rock ​​​​​​​and hide in the dust ​​​​​​​from before the terror of the LORD, ​​​​​​​and from the splendor of his majesty. ​​​ 11 ​​​​​​​​The haughty looks of man shall be brought low, ​​​​​​​and the lofty pride of men shall be humbled, ​​​​​​​and the LORD alone will be exalted in that day. ​​​ 12 ​​​​​​​​For the LORD of hosts has a day ​​​​​​​against all that is proud and lofty, ​​​​​​​against all that is lifted up-and it shall be brought low;

 

Isaiah 10:19

​​​​​​​And people shall enter the caves of the rocks ​​​​​​​and the holes of the ground, ​​​​​​​from before the terror of the LORD, ​​​​​​​and from the splendor of his majesty, ​​​​​​​when he rises to terrify the earth.

6:16

16 calling to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb,

Hosea 10:8

The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, ​​​​​​​shall be destroyed. ​​​​​​​Thorn and thistle shall grow up ​​​​​​​on their altars, ​​​​​​​and they shall say to the mountains, “Cover us,” ​​​​​​​and to the hills, “Fall on us.”

6:17

17 for the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?

Psalm 76:7

​​​​​​​​But you, you are to be feared! ​​​​​​​Who can stand before you ​​​​​​​when once your anger is roused?

 

Jeremiah 30:7

​​​​​​​​Alas! That day is so great ​​​​​​​there is none like it; ​​​​​​​it is a time of distress for Jacob; ​​​​​​​yet he shall be saved out of it.

 

Nahum 1:6

​​​​​​​​Who can stand before his indignation? ​​​​​​​Who can endure the heat of his anger? ​​​​​​​His wrath is poured out like fire, ​​​​​​​and the rocks are broken into pieces by him. ​​​

 

Zephaniah 1:14-18

​​​​​​​​The great day of the LORD is near, ​​​​​​​near and hastening fast; ​​​​​​​the sound of the day of the LORD is bitter; ​​​​​​​the mighty man cries aloud there. ​​​ 15 ​​​​​​​​A day of wrath is that day, ​​​​​​​a day of distress and anguish, ​​​​​​​a day of ruin and devastation, ​​​​​​​a day of darkness and gloom, ​​​​​​​a day of clouds and thick darkness, ​​​ 16 ​​​​​​​​a day of trumpet blast and battle cry ​​​​​​​against the fortified cities ​​​​​​​and against the lofty battlements. ​​​ 17 ​​​​​​​​I will bring distress on mankind, ​​​​​​​so that they shall walk like the blind, ​​​​​​​because they have sinned against the LORD; ​​​​​​​their blood shall be poured out like dust, ​​​​​​​and their flesh like dung. ​​​ 18 ​​​​​​​​Neither their silver nor their gold ​​​​​​​shall be able to deliver them ​​​​​​​on the day of the wrath of the LORD. ​​​​​​​In the fire of his jealousy, ​​​​​​​all the earth shall be consumed; ​​​​​​​for a full and sudden end ​​​​​​​he will make of all the inhabitants of the earth. ​​​

 

Malachi 3:2

But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears? For he is like a refiner's fire and like fullers' soap.

Index

 

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